House is the oldest remaining house
from the original site of the Town
of York. Built in 1822 by Judge William
Campbell and his wife Hannah, the
home was designed for entertaining
and comfort, and constructed at a
time when the Campbells were socially
and economically established and
their children had grown to adulthood.
house is one of the few surviving
examples of Georgian architecture
left in Toronto. The Grange is another
excellent example, although it is
slightly older than Campbell House.
Campbell House is constructed in
a style in vogue during the late
Georgian era known as Palladian architecture.
This style was Italian in origin,
and based upon elements of classical
Greek and Roman architecture, which
emphasized symmetry of features (windows,
fireplaces, doors etc.) and grandiose
proportions to exhibit wealth.
House was originally located on a
plot of land 1 ½ kilometres
to the southeast of its' present
location at the intersection of what
is now Adelaide St. and Frederick
St. (where the George Brown School
of Hospitality is located today).
After Sir William's death in 1834,
the house was willed to his wife,
Lady Hannah, for her use. After her
death in 1844 the property and contents
of the house were auctioned off and
the proceeds were distributed amongst
their heirs. For most of the 19th
century the house was maintained
as a private residence. After the
turn of the 20th century the building
was used by several businesses as
office space and as a factory, including
a horseshoe nail company and an elevator
company, and the house fell into
last owners of the property (Coutts-Hallmark
Greeting Cards) wanted to demolish
the house to extend their parking
lot. At this time the house was offered
to anyone who could remove it from
the property. A professional association
of Trial Lawyers known as the Advocates'
Society intervened to save the house,
move the building and restore it
to its present appearance. The house
was moved to its present location
at the corner of Queen and University
Friday, March 31st, 1972.